Kibera slum aerial photo
Credit: Kenyapage

The number of people living in urban slums in Africa doubled from 100 million in 1990 to 200 million in 2014.

This is despite the fact that the share of urban population living in these settlements has declined from 70-56 percent. However, according to Foresight Africa, the share of the urban population living in slums is 25 percent higher than the second-worst region, South Asia.

Data shows that citizens living in urban slums also face worse conditions with lower access to piped water, flush toilets, and electricity.

The research by Brookings states that only 33 percent of Nairobi Slum dwellers have access to piped water. However, in Kenya’s second-largest city, Mombasa, the situation is far worse with just 8 percent of slum dwellers having piped water even though only 18 percent of the coastal city’s dwellers had piped water

Only 65 percent of Nairobi City dwellers have access to a private toilet while slum dwellers in the city only 43 percent had private toilets. In contrast, Mombasa residents had more access to private toilets than in Nairobi with 61 percent of slum dwellers and 73 percent of city dwellers having private toilets.

The data shows service inequality within Kenyan cities with slum dwellers having far less access to basic services including electricity, piped water and toilets.

According to Foresight Africa, one of the top 10 priorities for Africa includes leveraging demographic trends for economic transformation through job creation, skills development, and urbanization policies.